肯尼亚Nyanza省年轻人对穿皮器上艾滋病毒存活率的了解。

PubMed ID
发表日期 2009年Feb月

原始出处 国际性病与艾滋病杂志
International journal of STD & AIDS
作者 Ounga  T  Okinyi  M  Onyuro  S  Correa  M  Gisselquist  D 

文献标题 肯尼亚Nyanza省年轻人对穿皮器上艾滋病毒存活率的了解。
Knowledge of HIV survival on skin-piercing instruments among young adults in Nyanza Province, Kenya.

文献摘要

在艾滋病毒普遍流行的国家,人们可能在家里以及在保健和化妆品服务期间接触到血液传播的艾滋病毒。我们询问了肯尼亚Nyanza省的罗族和基西族的年轻人,艾滋病病毒在血液中存活多久,以及如何清洁皮肤穿刺器械。只有21%的人认为艾滋病病毒可以在干燥的环境下存活一小时以上(虽然它可以存活数天),只有24%的人认为它在潮湿的环境下可以存活一周以上(尽管它可以存活4周以上)。HIV感染率较低的Kisii人比Luo人更了解HIV的生存情况。调查参与者报告说,理发师和其他服务提供者经常用酒精或漂白剂擦拭器械,这种做法不能可靠地灭活艾滋病毒。我们采访的人,面临着血液传播艾滋病毒的风险,他们不知道如何保护自己。


In countries with generalized HIV epidemics, people may be exposed to blood-borne HIV at their home as well as during health care and cosmetic services. We asked young adults from the Luo and Kisii ethnic groups in Nyanza Province, Kenya, how long HIV survives in blood and how to clean skin-piercing instruments. Only 21% thought that HIV could survive more than an hour in dry conditions (although it can survive for days), and only 24% thought it could survive more than a week in wet conditions (although it can survive more than four weeks). The Kisii, with lower HIV prevalence, were more knowledgeable than the Luo about HIV survival. Survey participants reported that barbers and other service providers often cleaned instruments by wiping with alcohol or bleach, a practice which does not reliably inactivate HIV. People we interviewed, at risk from blood-borne HIV, did not know enough to protect themselves.


获取全文 10.1258/ijsa.2008.008007