伴音乐运动用于脑卒中康复的可行性研究。

PubMed ID
发表日期 2015年Mar月

原始出处 纽约科学院年鉴
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
作者 Scholz  Daniel S  Rhode  Sönke  Großbach  Michael  Rollnik  Jens  Altenmüller  Eckart 

文献标题 伴音乐运动用于脑卒中康复的可行性研究。
Moving with music for stroke rehabilitation: a sonification feasibility study.

文献摘要

粗运动损伤在中风后很常见,但对这些损伤有效和激励性的治疗却很少。我们提出了一种新的音乐超声疗法,特别是设计来重新训练大运动功能。四名中风患者被纳入临床前后可行性研究,并接受我们的超声训练。训练前后对患者上肢功能及心理状态进行评估。将4例患者分为两组,两组均接受9天的音乐超声治疗(音乐组,MG)或假超声训练(对照组,CG)。这些训练方案之间的唯一区别是,在CG中,没有声音被回放。在训练过程中,患者首先探索手臂运动的声学效果,在训练结束时,患者通过移动手臂弹奏简单的旋律。两名MG患者在训练后的几乎所有运动功能测试中都有所改善。他们还在中风影响量表中报告,该量表评估了幸福感、记忆、思维和社会参与,减少了中风的损害。两名CG患者从运动训练中获益较少。综上所述,音乐超声可能是一个有前途的治疗中风后损伤。


Gross-motor impairments are common after stroke, but efficacious and motivating therapies for these impairments are scarce. We present a novel musical sonification therapy especially designed to retrain gross-motor functions. Four stroke patients were included in a clinical pre-post feasibility study and were trained with our sonification training. Patients' upper-extremity functions and their psychological states were assessed before and after training. The four patients were subdivided into two groups, with both groups receiving 9 days of musical sonification therapy (music group, MG) or a sham sonification training (control group, CG). The only difference between these training protocols was that, in the CG, no sound was played back. During the training the patients initially explored the acoustic effects of their arm movements, and at the end of the training the patients played simple melodies by moving their arms. The two patients in the MG improved in nearly all motor function tests after the training. They also reported in the stroke impact scale, which assesses well-being, memory, thinking, and social participation, to be less impaired by the stroke. The two patients in the CG did benefit less from the movement training. Taken together, musical sonification may be a promising therapy for impairments after stroke.


获取全文 10.1111/nyas.12691