家庭护理中的干性皮肤:一项具有代表性的患病率研究。

PubMed ID
G H
发表日期 2018年Nov月

原始出处 组织活力杂志
Journal of tissue viability
作者 Lichterfeld-Kottner  A  Lahmann  N  Blume-Peytavi  U  Mueller-Werdan  U  Kottner  J 

文献标题 家庭护理中的干性皮肤:一项具有代表性的患病率研究。
Dry skin in home care: A representative prevalence study.
Dry skin in home care: A representative prevalence study.

文献摘要 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

测量德国家庭护理环境中皮肤干燥的患病率和严重程度,并确定与皮肤干燥相关的人口统计学和健康特征。

BACKGROUND

高龄和皮肤护理依赖是皮肤干燥的危险因素。皮肤干燥对生活质量有负面影响,并增加继发性皮肤感染和其他不良皮肤状况的风险。在家庭护理中干性皮肤的患病率是未知的。

DESIGN

2015年7月,在德国的家庭护理服务中进行了一项具有代表性的多中心患病率研究。

METHODS

随机选择家庭护理服务和客户。护士,谁被指示如何执行数据收集使用标准化的表格,进行数据收集。记录和分析人口统计学、功能和健康变量。

RESULTS

超过一半的参与患者(n = 923;中位年龄83岁(范围21-104))受到皮肤干燥的影响(51.7(95%可信区间48.5-54.9)。最常受累的皮肤部位是远端。男性和固定客户比女性和移动客户更容易受到影响。在调整后的分析中,瘙痒和尿失禁相关皮炎的出现与皮肤干燥密切相关。

CONCLUSION

干性皮肤在家庭护理中广泛存在,并与瘙痒密切相关。基础皮肤护理是一个简单而有力的护理干预治疗这种情况成功。预防性皮肤护理策略需要在家庭护理环境中实施,以提高护士和/或非正式护理人员的皮肤健康和完整性。


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

To measure the prevalence and severity of dry skin in the home care nursing setting in Germany and to determine demographic and health characteristics associated with skin dryness.

BACKGROUND

Advanced age and skin care dependency are risk factors for the development of skin dryness. Dry skin has a negative impact on the quality of life and increases the risk for secondary cutaneous infections and other adverse skin conditions. The prevalence of dry skin in home care is unknown.

DESIGN

A representative multicenter prevalence study was conducted in home care services in Germany during July 2015.

METHODS

A random selection of home care services and clients was performed. Nurses, who were instructed how to perform the data collection using standardized forms, performed data collection. Demographic, functional and health variables were documented and analyzed.

RESULTS

More than half of all participating clients (n = 923; median age 83 years (range 21-104)) were affected by dry skin (51.7 (95% CI 48.5 to 54.9). The most often affected skin areas were the distal extremities. Males and immobile clients were more often affected than females and mobile clients. In the adjusted analysis pruritus and the presence of incontinence-associated dermatitis were most strongly associated with dry skin.

CONCLUSION

Dry skin occurs widely in home care and is strongly associated with pruritus. Fundamental skin care is an easy but powerful nursing intervention to treat this condition successfully. Preventive skin care strategies need to be implemented in the home care setting to improve skin health and integrity either by nurses and/or informal caregivers.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

To measure the prevalence and severity of dry skin in the home care nursing setting in Germany and to determine demographic and health characteristics associated with skin dryness.

BACKGROUND

Advanced age and skin care dependency are risk factors for the development of skin dryness. Dry skin has a negative impact on the quality of life and increases the risk for secondary cutaneous infections and other adverse skin conditions. The prevalence of dry skin in home care is unknown.

DESIGN

A representative multicenter prevalence study was conducted in home care services in Germany during July 2015.

METHODS

A random selection of home care services and clients was performed. Nurses, who were instructed how to perform the data collection using standardized forms, performed data collection. Demographic, functional and health variables were documented and analyzed.

RESULTS

More than half of all participating clients (n = 923; median age 83 years (range 21-104)) were affected by dry skin (51.7 (95% CI 48.5 to 54.9). The most often affected skin areas were the distal extremities. Males and immobile clients were more often affected than females and mobile clients. In the adjusted analysis pruritus and the presence of incontinence-associated dermatitis were most strongly associated with dry skin.

CONCLUSION

Dry skin occurs widely in home care and is strongly associated with pruritus. Fundamental skin care is an easy but powerful nursing intervention to treat this condition successfully. Preventive skin care strategies need to be implemented in the home care setting to improve skin health and integrity either by nurses and/or informal caregivers.


获取全文 10.1016/j.jtv.2018.07.001