乌南医学甲状腺功能减退症及其治疗进展。

PubMed ID
发表日期 2020年Aug月

原始出处 基础与临床生理学与药理学杂志
Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology
作者 Alam  Md Anzar  Quamri  Mohd Aleemuddin  Sofi  Ghulamuddin  Ansari  Shabnam 

文献标题 乌南医学甲状腺功能减退症及其治疗进展。
Update of hypothyroidism and its management in Unani medicine.

文献摘要

甲状腺功能减退症是由于甲状腺激素分泌减少、分布紊乱或缺乏甲状腺激素作用而引起的一种临床综合征。发达国家甲状腺功能减退的患病率约为4-5%,而印度约为11%,英国仅为2%,美国为4.6%,女性发病率高于男性。甲状腺功能减退症有多种病因和表现。最常见的临床表现是体重增加、脱发、耐寒、嗜睡、便秘、皮肤干燥和声音改变。甲状腺功能减退症的症状和体征因年龄、性别、病情严重程度及其他因素而异。诊断依据临床病史、体检、血清FT3、FT4和促甲状腺激素水平、影像学检查、手术和组织学检查。甲状腺功能减退症的首选治疗方法是左旋甲状腺素,然而,在这篇综述文章中,我们讨论了现代医学中甲状腺功能减退症的流行病学、病因学、临床症状和体征、诊断、并发症和处理,以及乌南医学系统(USM)的比较治疗。在USM中,治疗原则(Usool-e-Ilaj)的主要重点是纠正异常体质(Su-e-Mizaj)和改变存在的六个先决条件(Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya)以恢复正常健康。它是一种包装治疗,即治疗的不同组成部分以包装形式提供,包括不同的药物、剂量形式和方案。


Hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome caused by thyroid hormone deficiency due to reduced production, deranged distribution, or lack of effects of thyroid hormone. The prevalence of hypothyroidism in developed countries is around 4-5%, whereas it is about 11% in India, only 2% in the UK, and 4·6% in the USA. It is more common in women than in men. Hypothyroidism has multiple etiologies and manifestations. The most common clinical manifestations are weight gain, loss of hair, cold intolerance, lethargy, constipation, dry skin, and change in voice. The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism differ with age, gender, severity of condition, and some other factors. The diagnosis is based on clinical history, physical examination and serum level of FT3, FT4, and thyroid-stimulating hormone, imaging studies, procedures, and histological findings. The treatment of choice for hypothyroidism is levothyroxine, however; in this review article, we have discussed the epidemiology, etiology, clinical sign and symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and management of hypothyroidism in modern medicine and a comparative treatment by the Unani system of medicine (USM). In the USM, the main emphasis of the principle of treatment (Usool-e-Ilaj) is to correct the abnormal constitution (Su-e-Mizaj) and alter the six prerequisites for existence (Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriya) to restore normal health. It is a packaged treatment, that is, different components of treatment are given as a package form which includes different drugs, dosages form, and regimens.


获取全文 10.1515/jbcpp-2020-0121